In these cool beginner lessons, animated (gif) images have been used to help you know and remember the various parts of a guitar.
Guitars come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and types, but there are certain things they all have in common. A guitar has three basic parts: a body, a neck, and the headstock (also referred to as a tuning head).
Let us familiarize ourselves with the most common parts of the guitar (acoustic and electric guitar).
Parts of a Guitar
The body is the main part of the guitar. The body is large and hollow on an acoustic guitar to amplify the sound. It can be solid and smaller on an electric guitar. The type of wood used to make a guitar will determine what a guitar looks and sounds like.
Electric Guitar Body
An electric guitar body houses the internal electronic components including pickups (which convert the vibration of the strings into an electronic signal that can be sent through an amplifier of some kind), tone and volume controls.
There is also a socket on the right side of the guitar body called an output jack, into which you insert a jack. The other end of the jack goes into a corresponding socket in an amplifier. There are also strap pins, which you can use to attach a shoulder strap.
The bridge sits on the body of the guitar. It holds the other end of the strings in place.
The Sound hole
The sound hole is the round hole in the center of the body of the guitar, from which the sound of the instrument comes up. Solid-body guitars (made from one piece of carved wood) are the most common electric guitars today.
Neck and fingerboard
Typically, the neck is fixed with the body with bolts or glue, although it can formed together with the body in one piece. It often has a metal rod running through it to strengthen it or adjust it. You often require adjusting the truss rod below your guitar neck if you notice any slight bow in the neck (when this happen the guitar string sounds buzzing when playing). The neck is faced with a flat piece of wood called the fingerboard or fretboard. The fingerboard is where you place your left-hand fingers to produce notes and chords.
Frets are hard metal strips that are installed into the fingerboard on top of the neck to divide the fingerboard into sections.
Headstock and Tuning pegs
The headstock holds the tuning pegs that the strings are attached to. In a six-string guitar there are six tuning pegs. Each tuning peg has a knob that you can turn with your fingers to tighten or loosen each strings to put them in tune.
Names of the strings
Every fret on every string of the guitar produces a note, and every note has a name, which is represented by the six English alphabets, A, B, C, D, E, F and G. It is very important that you memorize the names of every string. The 6th string (thickest string) is named E, the 5th string (2nd thickest string) is named A, the 4th string is named D, the 3rd string is named G, the 2nd string is named B and the 1st string is named E (has the same name as the 6th string). To help you memorize them, try this little phrase:
“Eddie, Ate, Dynamite, Good, Bye, Eddie”
Try playing each of the strings in order, from the low E string (thickest string) to the high E string while saying the names out loud as an exercise. Then test yourself by playing a string at random and saying the name of that string as quickly as possible.
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